Theory of Mind
A cornerstone of human-human interaction is our ability to infer our partner’s beliefs, desires, and intentions, allowing us to effectively collaborate with each other towards a common goal. The capacity to formulate such a mental model is known as theory of mind. As we seek to impart similar capabilities to embodied agents when interacting with humans, there is a need to develop methods that tackle both sides of the interaction: 1) theory of mind in which a mental model of the human is held by the agent, and 2) theory of machine in which a mental model of the agent is held by the human. While this mental modeling is important in all types of human-agent teaming, this is especially so in the context of heterogeneous teams in which embodied agents with fundamentally different capabilities collaborate with humans.